Successful design results from taking into account the unique objectives, conditions, and constraints relevant to each project, and integrating these factors into the solution. In my design practice I am guided by three fundamental principles:


Designers hold enormous power to influence and shape our buildings, cities, products, and the flow of information. Decisions we make have long-lasting impacts on the natural systems that support us, systems that are increasingly burdened by human activity. While sustainability has become a hot topic, we have a great deal of work to do in terms of raising the bar for sustainable design practice, and educating the next generation about the integration of sustainable design.

User-centered design

While user-centered design is a common phrase in the lexicon of software development, this approach is equally applicable to the design of buildings, workplaces, and products. All designers must evaluate and respond to user needs and experiences. After the completion of design work, ongoing assessments of user experiences are invaluable for informing future work.

Collaborative design

The best design solutions come from groups of people with shared goals and diverse skills and perspectives. Although individual designers often need to defend their designs to maintain integrity, design should not be an ego-driven exercise, but one informed with objectivity, and tested through exposure to users and peers. Involving multiple disciplines in an integrated design process can also reduce design time and improve results.